Electronic voting, known as e-voting, is to be used later this year when Namibia goes to the National Assembly and Presidential polls. Also the 8th International Electoral Affairs Symposium 2014 is aimed at building confidence and trust in the electoral process, which will also be held from on June 25th - 27th in Kenya. On this basis researchers at the Biometric Research laboratory, BRL, have decided to dedicate this article on electronic voting selection criteria.
E-voting technology is being increasingly used around the
world. In particular, the market in Third World countries is growing at
an alarming rate. However, some European countries are moving in the
opposite direction. For example, India now uses e-voting machines
exclusively for all elections. The U.S., which is a global leader in
e-voting, uses different voting systems in different counties. German
stopped the use of e-voting after several decades of using e-voting
machines. This results in a number of questions such as why some countries are
moving to e-voting while others are moving away from the technology. How
does any country decide whether e-voting technology is the right
approach and when is it advisable to proceed using the technology?
is no single answer. The answer for each country is complex and
requires detailed research and consultation with specialists. The initial step in implementing e-voting is the decision making
process concerning the adoption of the e-voting technology. This process
will vary considerably from one country to another. However,
irrespective of the country implementing e-voting, a decision to
implement e-voting is likely to meet the needs of the electoral
commissioners if some criterions are met such as:
- Open consultation with electoral stakeholders in the respective countries.
- Independent comprehensive research into available technologies.
- E-voting technology must be evaluated against well defined objectives for implementation the technology.
In summary, the decision process to use e-voting consisting of:
- First of all, assessing whether there is a problem with the current voting;
- Secondly, assessing the technical feasibility of addressing the problem with the technology;
- Finally, assessing the anticipated benefits and potential risks,
financial feasibility and stakeholders' reactions to the technology.
Source: New Era