The United Nations has condemned a government crackdown in Gambia that it said had led to the death of three opposition party members who were arrested during protests on Thursday.
In a statement, U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon expressed “dismay” at reports that a leading member of the United Democratic Party (UDP), Solo Sandeng, and two other party members had died while in custody.
The three opposition party members were held after a small demonstration near the capital Banjul on Thursday in which they demanded electoral reform and protection of free speech in the tiny West African country.
Gambian government must uphold its international obligations … including the right to peaceful assembly.
The clampdown continued on Saturday when security forces arrested senior opposition members including the head of the UDP Ousainu Darboe, whose home was raided by police.
The identities of the two other party members were not released and their deaths could not be immediately verified, though the UDP said in a statement on Sunday that three of its members had been killed.
Amnesty International had said on Saturday that one detained UDP member, Fatoumata Jawara, was believed to be suffering from serious injuries.
Ban Ki-moon called for a “prompt, thorough and independent investigation into the circumstances that led to their death while under state custody.”
U.S. state department spokesman John Kirby called on the Gambian government to “uphold its international obligations … including the right to peaceful assembly.”
The statements are likely to put pressure on President Yahya Jammeh, who was in Turkey this week attending a summit of Islamic countries.
Jammeh, who seized power in a bloodless coup in 1994, has made headlines for his eccentric proclamations, including a claim to have invented a cure for HIV/AIDS, and his recent surprise decision to make Gambia an Islamic republic.
But he is also regularly denounced by rights groups and foreign governments for ruthlessly stamping out political dissent in the nation of 2 million people, which is a popular beach destination for budget-conscious European tourists.
The former military man, who once told a reporter he could lead Gambia for “a billion years,” is expected to extend his rule in elections in December after scrapping constitutional term limits.
The ECOWAS regional bloc refused to send observers to the last elections in 2011, citing intimidation of the opposition and the electorate.