Yesterday at an extraordinary summit in Dakar, the Heads of State of ECOWAS have examined the preparations ahead of the presidential elections in Ivory Coast, Guinea and Burkina Faso, as well as the political crisis in Guinea-Bissau .
Invited by the Senegalese Macky Sall, president of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), eight of the fifteen heads of state were present for this special summit in Dakar, with the notable exceptions of Muhammadu Buhari (Nigeria), Mahamadou Issoufou (Niger) and John Dramani Mahama (Ghana).
Alassane Ouattara Ivorian and Guinean Alpha Condé, who both have a new mandate in October, but the Burkinabe Michel Kafando, whose country holds presidential and legislative elections within a month to end the transitional regime were primarily concerned with the agenda, partly devoted to preparing the coming elections in the three countries of the subregion.
"The prospects are quite good"
"Our electoral appointments should be neither more nor less than normal Republican deadlines giving rise to an open competition, healthy and soothed. By recent experiences in our sub-region and aspirations given here, I am convinced that the prospects are quite good, "said Macky Sall after construction.
ECOWAS calls notably for the setting up of an electoral process "inclusive" and peaceful in Burkina Faso. In July, the Court of Justice invalidated the election code Burkinabe making ineligible any person who supported the proposed constitutional amendment Compaore. But in Ouagadougou, the Constitutional Council has not followed these recommendations and excluded candidates of the Congress for Democracy and Progress (CDP) party of the ousted president, presidential and legislative. Two former ministers of the last government of "Blaise" Djibril Bassolé and Yacouba Ouédraogo, also saw their candidates for the highest office readjusted.
Refusing to face lower arm what they see as a miscarriage of justice and a violation of democracy, Achille Tapsoba and Léonce Koné, first and second vice-chairmen of the CDP were present on the sidelines of the summit in Dakar to plead their case to the Heads of State of the subregion.
Guinea-Bissau and terrorism
The current political crisis in Guinea-Bissau was the other big issue closely studied by the leaders of ECOWAS. This country known for its political instability is now immersed in a major institutional crisis on top of the state, born of the conflict between President José Mario Vaz and his former prime minister, Domingo Simoes Pereira. Faced with this situation indecisive, heads of West African States have recommended an amendment to its Constitution and the extension until June 2016, the Ecomib, the mission deployed there by ECOWAS.
The fight against terrorism, particularly in Mali and Nigeria, as well as the current migration crisis - which will be the subject of an international summit which will be attended Macky Sall, on 11 and 12 November in Valletta, Malta - have also addressed by members of ECOWAS. They have thus called for a strengthening of the mandate and equipment of Minusma, the UN mission in Mali, while the peace is still threatened by rivalries between armed groups and pro anti-government in Northern countries.